Electric Ambulance

Overview

  • Emergency vehicles experience
  • Preferred solution
  • Recycling of existing ambulance
  • Building your emergency vehicle
  • “Treatment Box”
  • Batteries and power
  • Advantages



 

Emergency vehicles experience

  • Europe: 250 fully electric vehicles over a period or 2 years
  • 2019-20 budget to supply ambulances, this budget was set aside in early-mid 2020-budget restraints due to Covid, reset for 2020-21
  • Two individual States.
  • Ongoing talks with the US Armed Forces
  • All services to employ the Ford F450 chassis

 

Preferred Solution

  • Our preference is to recycle your existing Emergency Vehicles at the end of. Either:
  • Leasing period
  • Vehicle replacement, if purchased
  • BMP can supply a new vehicle if desired
  • Chassis we use include: Mercedes Sprinter, Renault Master Van, Iveco Daily and Ford 450
  • No loss of capital costs, when a vehicle is exchanged.
  • New vehicle capital costs vs recycled EV Vehicle build.
  • Reduced operating costs
  • Reduced infrastructure – fuel and fluids storage and supply
  • Reduced maintenance – almost nil with only brakes to be maintained on a regular basis.
  • Reduced maintenance tooling/facilities and staffing.
  • Reduced spare parts

 

Recycling of existing ambulance

  • US example: Ford 450 is the basis of the Ambulance
  • Remove:
    • Engine
    • Gearbox
    • Rear axle, differential and driveline
    • Cooling system
    • Exhaust
    • Fuel Tank
  • 1.5 t removed
  • These parts will be sold for some return
  • Leaving the original Ford 450 Chassis
    • No changes to the chassis:
    • Original design is intact
    • OEM certification remains (ADR equivalent)
    • Allowing OEM Brakes to be used
    • Revamped – repaired (if required) – re-painted
    • We now have an OEM Ford 450 chassis ready to be converted into a electric emergency vehicle

 

Building your emergency vehicle

  • Options: single motor or twin motor drive units
  • Single motor option:
    • Typical differential type rear axle
    • Slightly lower cost
    • “Treatment Box” is mounted on top of the chassis
  • Twin motor option:
    • Allows for torque vectoring drive
  • Differential is removed allowing “Treatment Box” to be lowered below the top of the chassis
  • Lower centre of gravity
  • Differing floor levels
  • Aids access to the rear of the “Treatment Box”
  • Additional battery option
  • Hydrogen cartridge options: additional power supply
  • Air suspension option: able to lift or lower both the front or the rear of the vehicle, for better egress access to and from the vehicle or improve ground clearance
  • O2 Concentrator option: produce oxygen at a level of 95 to 97% O2, which for the greater part would negate the need to carry oxygen on board. One of the US States has this under test and is being overseen by a medal panel

 

“Treatment Box”

  • The easily removed and exchangeable “Treatment Box”
  • Constructed for lightweight materials: aluminium and composite panels.
  • “Treatment Box” fit-out by others
  • “Treatment Box” is reinforced at each corner to allow the Box to be jacked up for maintenance, removal or exchange
  • Patented jacking process – that is easily moved around any workshop, by two people as its on rubber tyres
  • “Treatment Box” is fitted with quick release safety
  • “Treatment Box” is fitted with all the power connections – ready for the Fit-Out vendor as these are plug and play connections from the chassis to the Box.

 

Batteries and power

  • Generator testing – high and low temperature, in snow, rain and mud
  • The battery storage containers are designed in conjunction with our team members associated with F1 and use batteries from their vendor, as used within their KERS brakes.
  • Batteries temperature control critical
  • ECU programmed with the aid of our team members associated with F1
  • Option: hydrogen fuel cell. These fuel cells from one of our partners are approximately 1 litre size and can be used to generate power
  • Option: separate Battery to run the “Treatment Box”
  • The batteries are charged via the patented generating process which is built in house
  • Battery containers are located within the chassis rails and in the old engine bay
  • Each battery containers can be easily removed at any time

 

Advantages

  • Almost nil maintenance
  • No fuel, fluids or oils to replace
  • Almost all the wearing parts now removed
  • Availability increased
  • Flexibility to change the Medical Box easily, allowing fleet flexibility.
  • Hydrogen Cartridge availability to use if needed option. Hydrogen Production station fitted at the depot option. Cartridge recharge option.
  • Options to make the drivers cab a level floor, i.e. walk through, with the gearbox now removed
  • Power saving (ECU Controls) fitted to the (Medical Box) to save battery power.
  • Vehicle stability increased, due to the lowering of the centre of gravity for components and the Medical Box.
  • Medical Box (split level option) aids patient care and paramedics endurance.
  • No purchase or lease exchange at the end of vehicle life
  • Separate vehicle and “Treatment Box” – can be treated differently
  • With the BMP Method you get an updated vehicle at greatly reduced capital cost and lower operating costs